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Rubella

Rubella is an acute contagious viral infection. While infection with the rubella virus usually causes a moderate fever and rash in children and adults, infection during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, can cause miscarriage, death of the fetus. , stillbirth or birth defects called congenital rubella syndrome (CRS).

Rubella is an acute contagious viral infection. While infection with the rubella virus usually causes a moderate fever and rash in children and adults, infection during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, can cause miscarriage, death of the fetus. , stillbirth or birth defects called congenital rubella syndrome (CRS).

In children, the disease is usually mild and manifests as a rash, mild fever (<39 ° C), nausea and moderate conjunctivitis. The rash, which occurs 50% to 80% of cases, usually starts on the face and neck before spreading to the rest of the body and lasts 1 to 3 days. The most characteristic clinical sign of the disease is an enlargement of the lymph nodes behind the ears and in the neck. Infected adults - usually women - sometimes have arthritis and joint pain, usually for 3 to 10 days.

The virus spreads through the body within 5-7 days, and symptoms usually appear 2-3 weeks after exposure. Infectivity peaks 1 to 5 days after the rash appears.

Source: World Health Organization

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